Wrapped in the famous garua (typical Peruvian coast fog), Lima is the undisputed metropolitan center of Peru: the mixture of civilizations, races, smells and cultures will leave you stunned, as well as the disproportionate dimensions of its skyline.
The main attraction are the remains of the pre-Incas civilizations, of the pre-Columbian culture, and the traces left by the Spanish colonizers, without forgetting its modern face made of huge shopping centers, skyscrapers and everything that can be found in a metropolis with little more than nine million inhabitants!
Also known as the Plaza Major, it is the square where you will find the most important buildings of the city on which the architectural originality of the past has remained impressed: the Cathedral, the Government Palace, the Arzobispal Palace and the Municipal Palace, in whose center you can find a large bronze fountain.
It is considered the cradle of Lima since right from here the conquistador Francisco Pizarro founded the city back in 1535, an important date that marked the beginning of a long series of activities and events that characterized the colonial and republican history of the city.
The Piazza, over the centuries, has undergone many additions and modifications until the end of the 20th century, when it was completely completed; specifically, the year 1922 was the completion of the Palazzo Arzobispal, in 1938 it was the turn of the Government Palace and 1944 the Palazzo Municipal was completed.
Also called Museo de la Naciòn, it skilfully traces the history of the Peruvian people. You will find a splendid archaeological collection of pre-Columbian ceramics, up to the present day in excellent condition, of the indigenous cultures that once lived permanently in this area before the famous conquistadores arrived; there are also numerous gold and silver priestly masks, sacrificial axes and hammers.
It was founded in 1926 by Rafael Larco Hoyle, who personally took care of the contextualization of the finds and their respective civilizations. The result is that he managed to collect many archaeological collections within the museum, about 45,000 pieces. The curiosity of this museum is that it is known for preserving the largest collection of erotic ceramics in the world.
The Convent Basilica of San Francisco strikes the tourist for the colossal façade of the church that immediately stands out for its ocher color; it was erected in the far 1535 by the then mayor of the city Francisco Pizarro and then modified several times throughout history. Its peculiarity is that inside it is possible to find catacombs: they were used as a cemetery until the year 1810, it housed more than 25,000 bodies and today it is possible to observe numerous wells full of bones. The main cloister is also very characteristic, whose peculiarity is the numerous works of art and the Moorish dome
Huaca Pucllana is one of the most important archaeological sites in Peru. It is in fact a monumental pyramid located in the Miraflores district of Lima. Today the pyramid has 6 hectares of surface, while in ancient times it occupied even 20.
The site, originally built in honor of a female marine deity, is divided into numerous buildings and organized into 6 levels: all were unharmed and show huge squares, fences and yellow benches, the first was wrongly demolished and only one square was saved . In recent years some archaeologists have found numerous female bodies quartered inside, probably evidence of the solemn sacrifices that were made in the ancient culture of Lima.
Designed by the French architect Claude Sahut, it serves as the site for many sculptures built by Peruvian artists; it is eight hectares wide and has a neoclassical style. Its construction began in 1926 on the orders of President Leguìa and was completed in 1929. It is famous for the fountain erected inside, the Magic Water Tour, inaugurated on 26 July 2007 and today is the largest fountain complex in the world, composed of 13 distinct fountains, many of which are interactive and have a water jet that can reach up to 80 meters.
Other attractions are the Fountain of Surprises Tunnel (Fuente Tunnel de las Sorpresas) and the Children's Fountain (Fuente de los Ninos).
Go to the bohemian quarter of the city made of pastel-colored houses, typical minimal-chic restaurants and small art galleries; many prefer to visit it in the evening, a time when one can breathe a bit more authentic air compared to the more chaotic and worldly one of nearby Miraflores.
You can not miss among its narrow streets embellished with colorful murals and street artists of all kinds, up to the famous Dos Suspiros bridge. You can take advantage of the various venues that come alive at night and at the weekend with locals and tourists until late at night, walking in the company of a background of old dance songs.
Located in the Miraflores district of the city, it attracts numerous lovers who come to enjoy the view of the Pacific Ocean, especially during the sunset. Visiting it will be possible to catch many similarities with the Park Güell of Barcelona, thanks to the walls with multi-colored mosaics with writings and quotes about love. It is really worth visiting it also to admire a statue that is exactly in the center of the Park: it is called "El Beso" and represents its creator Victor Delfin and his wife. If you happen to find yourself in Lima on Valentine's Day, you will have the opportunity to witness the challenge of young couples to give themselves the longest kiss near the statue.