Val Sagrado MapA few kilometres from Cusco, with a beautiful sun and crossed from the river Urubamba or Vilcanota, there is the "mythical Sacred Valley of the Incas", place of beneficial climate and rare beauty, which since the times of the Incas was the preferred place for vacation for the sovereigns and, even today, many "cusquenos" spend their weekends along the banks of the river or protected by leafy pisonay that rise on the little squares of the villages crossed by this way that connects Pisaq to Ollantaytambo.
Already important in an ancient time, the Inca Sacred Valley was the granary of Cusco, in fact the vast estates of the Inca were throughout the valley and from the slopes of the surrounding mountains came all the corn, the potatoes, and the tubers and also a lot of different fruits that ended up directly in the deposits of King in the city.
Even in the present days, agricultural production in the valley is a production of first quality, especially as regards the cultivation of corn that here gives excellent results and Urubamba's corn, without any doubt, is the best corn in the world.
The Sacred Valley in addition to having been in the past a place of leisure, was also the first religious centre for importance, and the Incas even believed that the Urubamba river was the mirror of milky way on earth.



FIRST DAY


Val SagradoPisac is the first step to 32 km from Cusco and 2,972 meters of altitude.
It is an attractive and picturesque country which has great fame for its traditional market that takes place in Tuesday - Thursday and Sunday.
This city is famous for its system of irrigation and for the Inca astronomical observatory.
In the upper part are the Inca ruins of Pisac with a great system of sidewalks and a stone sundial or "Intihuatana."
Leaving Pisac, after 18 km we arrive in Calca: Calca is a city of great attraction with its snowy beautiful landscapes of Pitusiray and Sahuasiray.
In this land there is the archaeological complex of Huchuy Cusco, the thermal and curative baths of Macha Cancha, with a sulphur hot springs, and Minasmoqo (gaseous cold water).

Val SagradoOur visit continues and after 20 km we arrive in Urubamba located in the heart of the Sacred Valley.
Urumba was another pre agricultural centre.
From Urubamba is possible making excursions to the snowy Chichòn as to the Selva, this is also a place suitable for the practice of adventure tourism.
We go ahead and come to Ollantaytambo about 25 km. This is called the valley of Tambo and extends on the banks of the river Vilcanota until Machu Picchu: this is an archaeological complex formed by valleys and temples, and terraces and buildings like the Temple of the Sun, or Mañaracoy real salon, Incahuatana and The Baths of the Princess.


SECOND DAY


Val SagradoFirst step CHINCHERO 28 km from Cusco: here there is a beautiful landscape surrounded by perpetual snow-covered Andean mountain of Chichón and Wequey Willca, commonly called (pumasillo or veronica).
However, its greatest attraction is its Sunday market in which, originally, was practiced the barter of products between the comuneros of the Valley and people of other country in the mountains.
In the streets of Chinchero it seems being in an ancient time.
We go ahead and come after 12 km to Maras, a small village which was very prosperous during the colonial age. For reaching it we deviate on the road that leads to Urubamba.
Its attractions besides the colonial church, are the salt mines or salineras located near the country that attract observers and especially visitors.
The mines are used from the pre-Columbian age. The salt is extracted through an ancient system of drying, through which the salt water coming to an underground stream is exposed to the sun in hundreds of puddles up to vanishing, and then the salt is ready to be marketed.

Val SagradoThe bright show that the ponds offer during the summer months in mountains, from April to October, is certainly incomparable.
Seven Km away from Maras, we find Moray.
This city is famous for the amphitheatre situated in a very low position formed by four circular platforms that seem to disappear in the puna like an artificial crater.
The platforms have built with some walls of containment and an admirable irrigation system that allowed cultivating more than 250 plant species.
And after we continue in the direction of Ollantaytambo or we turn back to Cusco according with your travel plans.


OPTIONS:

When we arrive in Ollantaytambo there are 3 options:

Take the train in the afternoon and continue for Aguascaliente and Machu Picchu (see profile)


Overnight in Ollantaytambo for continuing the visit to the sacred valley the day after


Return to Cusco in the evening for visiting the missing part of the valley in the following day



The more practical and more free way to visit the sacred valley is to contract for a taxi directly in Cusco. This taxi can brings you in every site, waiting for you, and bringing you to the below site.
And so on until the end of the visit, below there is a table with indicatives prices of the cost of taxies (the price are not per person).
Of course you can negotiate to get a good price.

BE CAREFUL (safety rules)


The use of a local guide in the various sites is very useful


Ask always the permission before to take a picture of children and people


Do not eat the food cooked in the market stands


Respect the environment and nature


WHAT BRING WITH YOU:


Jacket waterproof and windproof in the rainy season


Sunglasses and cap


Sunscreen for your face


Personal medicines (drugs)


Local currency for small purchases in markets




Machu Picchu MapLocated at 2400 metres above the sea level, in the province of Urubamba, Machu Picchu (ancient summit, in Spanish), is surprising for the form in which the stones are arranged on a tight hill composed by several levels, and for the way how the edges of a ridge of 400 meters form a mountain pass from which you can reach the Urubamba river.
Little city surrounded by mystery because, until now, archaeologists have been unable to decipher the history and function of this city of stone of almost one kilometre of extension, built by the Incas in a magic geographical area where the Andean and the Amazon merge.
Perhaps the mystery will never be revealed, but until now there are assumptions and conjectures.
For someone it was a place of avant-garde in the territorial expansion draft of the Incas, others believe that it was a monastery where young girls were formed for working like gracious servants which would have served the Inca and the Willac (High Priest).
It is assumed by the fact that, from 135 corpses found during the searches, 109 were women ... but not considering the mysteries and myths, the real beauty of Machu Picchu, declared Cultural Heritage of humanity, lies in its squares, in its aqueducts and sighting towers, in its observers and in its sundial, evidences of the wisdom and technology of the Andean builders.



FIRST DAY


Machu PicchuDeparture from Ollantaytambo with the train named Vistadome in the afternoon.
At the arrival to Aguascaliente, after 2 hours, our employed will be waiting for you with your name and the name of the booked hotel written on a billboard. He takes you to the booked hotel.
In the evening there is a little meeting with the guide that will explain and will coordinate the visit to Machu Picchu of the following day.


SECOND DAY


Machu PicchuVery early, about 5:30 a.m., you will have your breakfast and you will leave with one of the first bus departing towards the little city of Machu Picchu where you will arrive on 20 minutes.
You will spend the first two hours with the official guide and then, the remaining time, will be at your disposal to freely visit the ruins, having agreed with the guide for the hour of meeting to go down to Aguascaliente and take the train that will take you to Cusco where you'll arrive about at 20:30 p.m.


INCLUDED IN THE PRICE


Train Ollantaytambo-Aguascaliente (Vistadome)


Train Aguascaliente -Cusco (Backpacker)


Bus departure and round trip Aguascaliente-Machu Picchu


Ticket to Machu Picchu


Night in hotel (3 stars) in a twin room with private bath and breakfast


Official guide to Machu Picchu


BE CAREFUL (safety rules)


Pay attention when you climb up the Huayna Picchu


Do not throw cigarettes and papers on the ground, you will be severely rebuked


Use comfortable shoes or sports shoes; we'll do a lot of walk


WHAT BRING WITH YOU:


Jacket waterproof and windproof in the rainy season


Sunglasses and cap


Sunscreen for your face


Snacks and mineral water (there are no places of refreshment inside and eating inside the little city is not permitted)